Calluses, also known as keratomas or tylomas, are basically a protective layer of compacted, patches of skin or dead skin cells that thicken, especially in the bony areas, in order to protect your skin from injury or damage. When these callusesfirst begin to develop, you won’t feel much pain. However, these calluses can get very annoying and sometimesyou may feel painful thickenings in the area of the skin which receives frequent pressure.
Constant pressure and friction on one part of your foot (usually in the ball or the heel of the foot under the head of the metatarsal) can cause the development of callusunder your feet. Generally, calluses are also seen to develop on the fingers and hands.
Symptoms of Calluses on Feet You Should Know About
Look for the following symptoms if you suspect that a callus is developing:
- Buttresses on the skin, especially on the bony spots which donot have any specific borders, but are oval-shaped.
- Thickened skin becomes discolored; could be brown, red, or yellow-gray.
- May throb or burn.
Keep one thing in mindthat calluses are usually not bothersome or painful, but if you do not take proper treatment steps, the callus may get infected, which will afterwards lead to some further symptoms. The following symptoms may be included if your calluses become worse:
- Fluid or pusdraining from the callus
- Tenderness around the callus area
What Are the Reasons You Have Callus On the Bottom of Your Feet?
Calluses are generally caused by the constant pressure and friction applied to your foot. This pressure and friction can have several reasons; these includes:
- Improper shoes or footwear, especially the ones which are too tight fitting, too small, or even narrow-toed, like the high heels
- Improper socks which cause friction orhave a tendency to bunch up at your toes
- Waking shoeless or barefootedcan also be a reason that thickens your skin
- Bunions; calluses are very likely to form over the bunions
- Different athletic activities
- Abnormal gait
- Bony bumps
- High-arched feet
- Longer metatarsal bones which are closerto the groundcauses more friction and pressure than the normal sized metatarsal bones
- Worn-down pads on the sole of the feet
How do you prevent calluses on your feet?
The following are a few tips which can help you prevent calluses from developing them on your feet:
- Wear proper shoes or footwear, including shoes and socks
- If you notice any foot deformation, see your doctor or a podiatrist
- Wear orthotics and or arch supports or padding to help the pressure get distributed when standing, walking, or moving
- Maintain appropriate hygiene of foot
- Never even try to treat or remove a foot callus yourself
- Dry your feet thoroughly after every time you wash them and apply a good moisturizing foot cream, but try to avoid using body lotions
How do you treat a foot callus?
Treating a foot callus is basically to remove it. Be careful that you don’t try to remove or treat your foot callus on your own. Rather, go to your doctor or a podiatrist and have it removed. You can also get some tips on thwarting calluses from worsening and returning from him.
The doctors generally base their treatment on the cause of the callus. There are some non-surgical ways by which a callus can be treated. Some of them are:
- Non-medical pads, which are generally placed around the callus area to subdue the pressure in that area
- Pads that contain salicylic acid; to dissolve the thickened skin
- Shock-absorbing materials to equally redistribute the pressure on the foot
- Soaking feet in mildly warm water and then filling down the callus with a pumice stone to make the thickened skin smooth